how the past
impacts the now.
role The Beatles
played in changing
the modern world.
THE FOLLOWING EVENTS TOOK PLACE ON APRIL 6
1869--The first plastic, celluloid, is patented.
1889--George Eastman introduces the Kodak Camera to the buying public.
1930--The all-American snack treat, Hostess Twinkies, is invented by bakery executive James Dewar.
1944--Michelle [Gilliam] Phillips, singer with The Mamas and The Papas, is born in Long Beach, California.
1954--The TV Dinner is introduced to the American public by Swanson & Sons.
1956--The Capitol Records building is dedicated in Los Angeles, California. It's the first circular office tower in America.
1960--The Everly Brothers begin their first British tour in London, backed by The Crickets (the former Buddy Holly backing band).
1961--The Beatles perform at the Top Ten Club, Reeperbahn, Hamburg, West Germany.
1962--The Beatles perform at the Cavern Club, Liverpool, at lunchtime. They perform at the Tower Ballroom, Wallasey, at night. The Tower show is a "Beatles Farewell Ball," because The Beatles are about to go to Hamburg for their third extended stay. They share the bill this night with Emile Ford and The Checkmates. A promotional poster for the event spelled the group's name as "The Beetles." Also performing are Gerry and the Pacemakers, Howie Casey and the Seniors, Rory Storm and the Hurricanes, and The Big Three.
1963--The Beatles perform at Pavilion Gardens Ballroom, Buxton, Derbyshire.
1964--Filming at Twickenham Studios for The Beatles first movie "A Hard Day's Night." In the morning they shoot the "make-up room" sequence. In the afternoon, they film a portion of the "interior police station" segments.
1965--UK release of The Beatles' EP Beatles For Sale (Parlophone). Songs: No Reply, I'm a Loser, Rock and Roll Music, and Eight Days a Week. Highest chart position: #1.
1965--The Beatles at Twickenham Film Studios, shooting additional footage for the "Rajahama" restaurant scenes for their second movie "Help!"
1965--During a break in filming "Help!" at Twickenham Studios, The Beatles receive a "Bell" award from Radio Caroline, also giving an interview for broadcast on the "pirate" station. Radio London, another "pirate" station, also interviews the group.
1966--The Beatles in the recording studio (Studio Three, EMI Studios, London). The first session for the album that came to be called Revolver. The first song to be taped: Tomorrow Never Knows, originally titled Mark I and then The Void. The song vividly conjures up the mental dislocation and spiritual quest unlocked by an LSD trip, with lyrics that borrow from the book The Psychedelic Experience by Timothy Leary (which was based on The Tibetan Book of the Dead.) At the session, John Lennon tells George Martin that he wants to incorporate the sound of 4,000 monks chanting from a mountain top. That challenge is put on hold until the next day. It only takes three takes to get the basic song track recorded, but it takes the rest of this day, some of the next, and some additional time on April 22 to complete the complex overdubs. The song is the first to use Artificial Double Tracking, which is the invention of Abbey Road engineer Ken Townsend. The song uses a multitude of tape loops, feeding voices and effects through a revolving Leslie speaker, and guitar distortion (for the "seagull-like" noise on the track) The studio wizardry was created by The Beatles, George Martin, and Geoff Emerick. For perspective on how far The Beatles were advancing musically, recall that She Loves You was recorded less than three years earlier. Take 1 of Tomorrow Never Knows is included on The Beatles Anthology 2 (Disc one, Track 17).
1967--The first master tape of the Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band album is created. The song order on side one is different from the final product at this point, the last five songs on that side being initially ordered as follows: Being For the Benefit of Mr. Kite, Fixing a Hole, Lucy In the Sky with Diamonds, Getting Better, and She's Leaving Home. The Beatles had specified that there were to be no gaps between songs...a unique idea at the time.
1968--The Beatles open the offices of Apple Corps Ltd. in London.
1969--After disc jockeys John Peel and Alan Freeman debut the song Get Back on their English radio program, they advise Paul McCartney to give it a final mix.
1973--Five days after it is announced publicly that three of The Beatles (John Lennon, George Harrison and Ringo Starr) have split with Allen Klein, the Lennons drop into the Los Angeles offices of ITN to videotape an interview on the subject with John Fielding for London Weekend Televisions political and current affairs show, Weekend World. During the 10-minute feature, John, dressed in a matching light blue casual shirt and trousers and a pair of sandals, is first asked: Can you tell me what happened with Allen Klein? Why did you and the other two finally decide to get rid of him? John: There are many reasons that we finally gave him the push, although I dont want to go into the details of it. Lets say, possibly Pauls suspicions were right...and the time was right. Fielding: His contract was coming up to renewal anyway...wasnt it? John: The contract expired I think in February, and we were extending it at first on a monthly basis and then finally on a two-week basis, and then finally we pushed the boat out. Fielding: When did you personally decide that Klein probably wasnt the man you thought he was? John: Well, youre concluding that I thought he was something. My position has always been a devil and the deep-blue sea, and at that I do whatever I feel is right. Although I havent been particularly happy personally for quite a long time with the situation, I didnt want to make any quick moves, and I wanted to see if maybe something could work out. John is then asked if the chance of The Beatles performing together again could be improved by this turn of events. John, slightly agitated, replies: With or without the present situation, the chances are practically nil! Although I hate to say 'definitely to anything, because every time, I change my mind. But I dont have a feeling about it and I dont think any of the others really do. If any of you actually remember when we were together, everybody was talking about it as though it was wonderful all the time. All the press and all the people, all saying how great and how wonderful...but it wasnt like that at all! And imagine if they did get together, what kind of scrutiny they would be under? Nothing could fit the dream people had of them. So forget it, you know, its ludricrous! Yoko sits silently throughout the interview, puffing on cigarettes. The piece ends with John waving into the camera saying: Hello, Aunt Mimi, how are you? Were ok! Were eating well, and I havent given up my British citizenship...I just want to live here, thats all.
1976--The first quadraphonic movie track is introduced on "Ladies and Gentlemen, The Rolling Stones."
1977--The ex-Beatles, working through Apple, lose in their attempt to halt the commercial release of the LP The Beatles Live! At the Star-Club in Hamburg, Germany: 1962. The poor-quality recording had been made during The Beatles last performance in Hamburg, on December 31, 1962. The LP will be released in Germany two days later. It will be released in the UK on May 1, and in the US on June 13.
1977--In New York, Allen Klein is indicted by a grand jury on charges of failing to report more than $216,000 income from the sale of promotional Beatles records. Its claimed that Klein schemed to get them sold to wholesalers and distributors at a profit.
1983--A German court orders Paul McCartney to pay Bettina Heubers, a 20-year-old German woman who claims to be McCartney's illegitimate daughter, the equivalent of $282 per month until the case is settled. Paul offers to submit blood tests (or any other tests), and that will later prove that he is NOT the woman's father.
1984--Ray Coleman promotes his upcoming two-volume John Lennon biography, Lennon, on the BBC regional television program Scotland Today.
1992--In London, George Harrison plays his first full-length live concert there since The Beatles final performance in 1969, to benefit the Natural Law Party, an organization that promotes transcendental mediation and a spiritual lifestyle. When asked about The Beatles association with Maharishi Mahesh Yogi and how he feels about transcendental meditation, George replies: I still practice transcendental meditation and I think its great. Maharishi only ever did good for us, and although I have not been with him physically, I never left him.
1992--Voting begins on the choice between two styles of Elvis Presley postage stamps.
1996--The Beatles' Anthology 2 goes to No. 1 on the US albums chart.
For more day-by-day history go to HistoryUnlimited.net