how the past
impacts the now.
role The Beatles
played in changing
the modern world.
THE FOLLOWING EVENTS TOOK PLACE ON JANUARY 22
1901--Britain's Queen Victoria dies after reigning for 63 years. She holds the record for the longest-reigning queen in the world.
1931--R&B singer Sam Cooke is born in Clarksdale, Missisippi.
1946--The US establishes the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).
1959--Alone with an acoustic guitar and tape recorder in his New York City apartment, Buddy Holly makes his last recordings. The songs taped this day, include Peggy Sue Got Married, Crying, Waiting, Hoping, That's What They Say, What to Do, Learning the Game and That Makes it Tough. The recordings will be overdubbed posthumously and released by Coral Records.
1962--The Beatles perform at the Cavern Club at lunchtime. Their usual two-hour show is cut to one hour as an experiment, with an admission price of one shilling (5 pence). That night The Beatles perform at the Kingsway Club, Southport, Lancashire. The Kingsway booking showed that Brian Epstein was intent on getting The Beatles into respectable clubs (places with a real stage, curtains, and dressing rooms) instead of the seedy, violent "jive halls" they'd played in before. He also wasn't above exaggerating The Beatles' accomplishments, making much ado of their recording career (which at this point consisted of their single with Tony Sheridan, My Bonnie).
1963--On this day The Beatles are especially busy, recording two radio programs and appearing live on a third. First, The Beatles go to BBC Paris Studio, London, for the live radio broadcast. Following that, they move to the Playhouse Theatre, London, to tape a radio appearance on the top pop radio program "Saturday Club." The Beatles record five songs for the broadcast, Some Other Guy, Love Me Do, Please Please Me, Keep Your Hands Off My Baby, and Beautiful Dreamer. The program is broadcast on January 26. The second half-hour of the show is broadcast overseas to Australia, Africa, the Middle East, the Far East, the Mediterranean, and southeast Asia, that portion of the program including the songs Some Other Guy and Love Me Do. After taping that show, The Beatles go back to the BBC Paris Studio to record an appearance on the radio program "The Talent Spot." They perform Please Please Me, Ask Me Why, and Some Other Guy before a live audience for the taping. The show is broadcast on January 29. A song recorded for "Saturday Club" is included on the 1994 Beatles double-CD Live at the BBC: Keep Your Hands Off My Baby (Disc one, Track 6).
1963--The Beatles, at BBC Paris Studio in London, appear live on the BBC radio program "Pop Inn." The Beatles chat live with the show's host, and their new single Please Please Me is played. One of the other guests appearing on the program is Jon Pertwee, who will go on to play the third incarnation of 'The Doctor' in the popular sci-fi series "Doctor Who." After the live broadcast, The Beatles spend the rest of the day taping two additional radio appearances.
1963--Gerry and the Pacemakers cut How Do You Do It during their first recording session.
1964--The Beatles perform two shows at the Olympia Theatre in Paris, France.
1967--The Rolling Stones appear on the British TV program Sunday Night at the London Palladium, performing Let's Spend the Night Together, Ruby Tuesday, It's All Over Now and Connection. However, they refuse to join the rest of the line-up for the closing credits, during which the band were supposed to wave to the audience from a revolving stage.
1968--The Beatles open offices at 95 Wigmore Street, London, to house Apple and its subsidiaries. It will soon become a haven for crackpots such as "Magic Alex."
1968--The Supremes begin a residency at London's Talk of the Town nightclub. Paul McCartney, Michael Caine and Cliff Richard turn out to see them on opening night.
1969--The Beatles in the recording studio (Apple Studios, London). Moving from Twickenham Film Studios to Apple studios, The Beatles begin recording the "Get Back" LP. Billy Preston is pulled into the studio when George Harrison sees him in the reception area at 3 Savile Row (John, Paul, and George knew Preston from 1962, when he was a member of Little Richard's backing group). The Beatles are determined to leave the studio effects and overdubs behind and record an album "live," flaws and all. Their intent becomes muddied when The Beatles find themselves doing take after take of "live" tracks in order to obtain one without flaws. The whole thing is pretty disorganized, and George Martin's role in the project is unclear. Glyn Johns is engineer and uncredited producer. However, twice Johns will compile a Get Back LP master for The Beatles, and twice they will reject it. The tapes will eventually be given to Phil Spector to make them into an album. The Beatles work on songs rather randomly. On this day they run through All I Want Is You (later named I Dig a Pony), I've Got a Feeling, Don't Let Me Down, an instrumental named Rocker, Bathroom Window (later named She Came In Through the Bathroom Window), and covers of other artists' songs. Billy Preston first appears playing electric piano as The Beatles work out the chord structure for Bathroom Window (which will end up on Abbey Road). Recordings from this day of I've Got a Feeling, She Came In Through the Bathroom Window, and I Dig a Pony were released on The Beatles Anthology 3 (Disc two, Tracks 1-3).
1970--John Lennon's "Bag One" lithographs go on exhibit at the London Gallery in Detroit, Michigan, USA. American tastes apparently differ from English ones, for all 14 lithographs in the series are displayed, including the ones confiscated by Scotland Yard for being obscene; no controversy or accusations of immorality will be made.
1971--John Lennon begins recording Power to the People in his Ascot studio outside London. The song is inspired by the previous days encounter with the Red Mole journalists. At this stage, though, the fiery rhetoric is dampened by the sheer ineptitude of the arrangement.
1971--Mad Dogs and Englishmen, a documentary about Joe Cocker's infamous tour across America (where he was accompanied by Leon Russell and an orchestra), premieres at London's Festival Palace.
1973--Northern Songs Ltd. and Maclen (Music) Ltd. accuse John Lennon with improperly placing copyrights to his recent songs with Ono Music Ltd., violating a songwriters agreement of February 1965, in which he granted the plaintiffs exclusive rights to his compositions. The lawsuit is seeking more than $1 million in actual and punitive damages. The suit also claims that Yoko Ono and Allen Klein intentionally and unlawfully induced John to violate the February 1965 agreement.
1977--The Wings LP Wings Over America is #1 in the US charts.
1980--Linda McCartney visits Paul in his Japanese jail cell for the second time. She brings him some science fiction books to read. She said, He looks incredibly well. He was managing to smile and crack jokes. In fact, he was laughing so much, he even got me laughing, and believe me, I havent been able to do much laughing in the last week.
1982--UK release of The Beatles LP, Rare Beatles (Phoenix). Another reissue of tracks from the Star-Club tapes of December 31, 1962.
1985--In England, Ringo Starrs eldest son, Zak, is married to Sarah Menikides, at a private ceremony in a registry office in Bracknell, Berkshire. Both parents of the happy couple are not informed and therefore do not attend the ceremony.
1988--Yoko Ono and Elliot Mintz appear on the NBC-TV program Today.
2001--Enigma, a film about World War II code-breaking produced by Mick Jagger, premieres at the Sundance Film Festival.
For more day-by-day history go to HistoryUnlimited.net