John Lennon and Beatles History for AprilHistory offers
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role The Beatles
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Central Park in New York City. The Dakota, John Lennon's home in America, is right off the park. Yoko Ono's tribute to her late husband, Strawberry Fields, is in an area of the park that she and John frequented.1607--An expedition of English colonists, including Capt. John Smith, go ashore at Cape Henry, Virginia, to establish the first permanent English settlement in the Western Hemisphere.

1822--American landscape architect, Frederick Law Olmsted, is born. He was the crounty's first landscape artist, designing Central Park in New York City and landscaping the American Capitol.

1923--Queen Elizabeth's parents, King George VI and Queen Elizabeth, are married.

1961--The Beatles perform at the Top Ten Club, Reeperbahn, Hamburg, West Germany.
The picture sleeve for the VJ release of The Beatles' Do You Want To Know A Secret and Thank You Girl.
1962--The Beatles perform at the Star-Club, Hamburg, West Germany.

1963--The Beatles perform at the Music Hall in Shrewsbury.

1963--UK release of Billy J. Kramer and the Dakotas single, Do You Want To Know A Secret / I'll Be On My Way, with both songs credited to Lennon-McCartney. In actuality, John Lennon wrote Do You Want To Know A Secret and Paul McCartney wrote I'll Be On My Way. The only recording that The Beatles made of I'll Be On My Way was for the radio program "Side By Side," recorded on April 4, 1963 and broadcast on June 24.

1964--The Beatles perform at the Empire Pool, Wembley, for their first live appearance in Britain in 15 weeks. This is for the New Musical Express "1963-64 Poll-Winners All-Star Concert." The Beatles perform She Loves You, You Can't Do That, Twist and Shout, Long Tall Sally, and Can't Buy Me Love. They receive their poll-winners awards from actor Roger Moore. The concert is taped by ABC Television and is broadcast, under the title "Big Beat '64," on May 10 and again on November 8. Gene Loving, Louise Harrison Caldwell, and George Harrison's mother are present at the concert and in The Beatles dressing room before the show. Gene records interviews with The Beatles, and after the show the three go to back to Liverpool.

The Beatles help Roy Orbison belatedly celebrate his birthday. Left to right: John Lennon, Roy Orbison, (person unknown), Ringo Starr.1964--The Beatles attend a London birthday party for Roy Orbison, who turned 28 on April 23. A famous photo is taken of John feeding Roy some birthday cake.

1966--The Beatles in the recording studio (Studio Two, EMI Studios, London). They work for over 12 straight hours on And Your Bird Can Sing. Eleven more takes of the basic rhythm track are recorded, with take 10 being selected as "best" for overdubs. The ending of take six was the best, so it was blended into the master track.

1967--The Beatles in the recording studio (Studio Three, EMI Studios, London). Overdubs are recorded for the song Magical Mystery Tour. Bass, maracas, cowbell, tambourines, and backing vocals / shouts are taped.

1969--The Beatles in the recording studio (Studio Two, EMI Studios, London). Recording a lead vocal overdub onto Oh! Darling, followed by 32 takes of the basic track for Ringo's Octopus's Garden. They worked without a producer. Prior to this session, John Lennon had remixed recordings of his and Yoko Ono's heartbeats and the two of them speaking / shouting each other's names (the track John and Yoko on John and Yoko's Wedding Album) into stereo. Take 2 of Octopus's Garden (with an ending bit from Take 8) was released on The Beatles Anthology 3 (Disc two, Track 14).

1971--Through their solicitor, John Lennon, George Harrison and Ringo Starr admit that they have accepted Paul McCartney’s decision to leave The Beatles and will not appeal against it. The dream is over.

1973--George Harrison founds The Material World Charitable Foundation Trust.

1973--Rolling Stone features a report entitled: “John and Yoko Fight Deportation: Hard-Hats Join Appeal.”

1974--Paul McCartney holds auditions for a new drummer for his group Wings. He hires Geoff Britton.

1978--Ringo Starr's TV special, "Ringo," a musical version of "The Prince and the Pauper," airs on American television. Ringo plays both characters. George Harrison provides the narration, but it still gets low ratings, finishing 53 out of 65 shows. Art Carney, Angie Dickinson, Vincent Price, and talk show host Mike Douglas also appear on the show.

Paul McCartney's album, Tug of War. It contains a tribute song to his old friend, John Lennon: Here Today.1982--Paul McCartney pays musical tribute to his former partner, John Lennon, with the elegiac Here Today, on his Tug of War album.

1984--A statue of The Beatles created by John Doubleday is dedicated by Mike McCartney (Paul's brother), on Mathew Street near the location of the old Cavern Club in Liverpool. The statue, set as the centerpiece of a $12.5 million shopping complex, is a big disappointment to the fans. Says Mike, “From close up I didn’t even recognize any of them...not even my own brother!” Cynthia Lennon also attends the event.

1984--Liverpool's newly rebuilt, newly constructed Cavern Club opens as a part of the Cavern Walks project in the Royal Life Insurance complex.

1986--The worst nuclear disaster in history occurs when a nuclear reactor at Chernobyl (in the USSR) explodes, killing 31 people.

1994--The historic Fillmore club reopens in San Francisco.

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