how the past
impacts the now.
role The Beatles
played in changing
the modern world.
THE FOLLOWING EVENTS TOOK PLACE ON APRIL 21
1830--James Starley, British inventor of the bicycle, is born.
1838--Naturalist, John Muir, is born. He is considered to be the "father of the modern-day conservation movement."
1926--Queen Elizabeth II is born in London, the daughter of the Duke and Duchess of York. When her father ascended the throne in 1936 as George VI, she became heir apparent to the crown. She was born in a relatively modest London house, which was destroyed during the Blitz.
1960--Dick Clark, described as "the single most influential person" in the pop music business, testifies before the congressional committee looking into payola. He admits he had a financial interest in 27% of the records he played on the show in a 28-month period.
1961--The Beatles perform at the Top Ten Club, Reeperbahn, Hamburg, West Germany.
1961--In Life magazine, theologian Alan Watts wrote, Zen is a way of liberation, concerned not with discovering what is good or bad, but what is.
1962--The Beatles perform at the Star-Club, Hamburg, West Germany.
1963--The Beatles perform in the afternoon at the New Musical Express "1962-63 Annual Poll Winners' All-Star Concert," a 14-act affair held at Empire Pool, Wembley, Middlesex. This is The Beatles' biggest appearance yet, with an audience of about 10,000. The top group is Cliff Richard and the Shadows. Even though The Beatles had not actually won in the polls, they were picked to appear because of their two recent #1 singles. They perform four songs: Please Please Me, From Me to You, Twist and Shout, and Long Tall Sally. That evening The Beatles perform again, at the Pigalle Club in London.
1963--The Beatles go to the Crawdaddy Club in London to see The Rolling Stones. Impressed with the bad boys, The Beatles recommend them to their former publicist, Andrew Loog Oldham. Oldham will become manager of The Rolling Stones.
1964--Another stab at filming Paul McCartney's solo scene for The Beatles' first movie, "A Hard Day's Night." Again, only Paul reports for the shooting. However, the scene just doesn't work, and it is omitted from the final film.
1965--The Beatles continue filming at Twickenham Film Studios for the movie "Help!" Shooting of the scene in which The Beatles visit the office of Scotland Yard's "Superintendent Gluck."
1966--The Beatles in the recording studio (Studio Two, EMI Studios, London). The Beatles record Taxman, taping 11 takes of the rhythm track and recording overdubs. By the end of the session, the song is pretty much completed, but additional overdubs and editing will be done as late as June 21. The Beatles Anthology 2 includes the completed take 11 of Taxman (Disc one, Track 20).
1967--The Beatles in the recording studio (Studio Two, EMI Studios, London). They decide to record a short section of gibberish and noise to follow A Day in the Life, in the run-out groove. They record a bunch of assorted noises and voices, Geoff Emerick chops up the tape and randomly re-assembles it and edits it backwards. At John's suggestion, they also insert a high-pitch 15 kilocycle whistle audible only by dogs. Both of these additions are omitted from the American album. At long last, Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band is finished. The amount of time The Beatles spent in the recording studio working on the album was added up: 700 hours.
1968--In London it is reported that The Beatles did not receive diplomas crediting them as "gurus," since they didn't pass the three obligatory tests of the Maharishi's Academy of Transcendental Meditation.
1969--John Lennon and Yoko Ono form Bag Productions, a film production company, that would function separately from Apple for their personal projects. They appoint Anthony Fawcett as their assistant.
1981--The National Enquirer claims that John Lennon is still writing songs from beyond the grave, via psychic David Guardino. Among the new compositions is To Be One Again, which calls for the remaining Beatles to re-form.
1983--A £1 coin is introduced in the United Kingdom.
1989--Thousands of Chinese crowd into Beijing's Tiananmen Square cheering students demanding greater political freedom.
1997--The ashes of Timothy Leary and Gene Roddenberry are launched into orbit in outer space.
2000--Jordanaire Neal Matthews, Jr. dies in his Tennessee home at age 70. As part of the vocal quartet, The Jordanaires, he sang backup for Elvis Presley and Patsy Cline, among others.
For more day-by-day history go to HistoryUnlimited.net